Children ages 2 to 5 with severe obesity appear to be more likely of a racial and/or ethnic minority, have greater disparities in social determinants of health than their peers, and are more than twice as likely to engage in double the recommended screen time limit, a recent study suggests.
7028 children ages 2-5 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2014) were classified as having normal weight, overweight, obesity, or severe obesity and their sociodemographics, birth characteristics, screen time, total energy, and Healthy Eating Index 2010 scores were evaluated.
The prevalence of severe obesity in children ages 2-5 was 2.1%. These children had higher odds of being a racial and/or ethnic minority, and come from households with lower education levels that were single-parent headed and in poverty. In addition, the odds of >4 hours of screen time were 1.5 and 2.0 for children with obesity and severe obesity respectively compared to their peers of normal-weight.