A recent review highlights important gaps in family-based childhood obesity prevention interventions, such as a limited number of interventions targeting diverse populations and obesity risk behaviors beyond diet and physical activity.
The review included 159 articles describing 119 unique family-based childhood obesity prevention interventions. The vast majority of studies were conducted in developed or high-income countries and non-traditional families were underrepresented. The review also revealed gaps in behavioral domains targeted, with only 16% of family-based childhood obesity prevention interventions targeting all four behavioral domains (diet, physical activity, media use, and sleep).
The researchers conclude that more interventions that recruit diverse populations and target behaviors beyond diet and physical activity are needed to better understand the influence of these characteristics.