By reducing sugar consumption, regardless of restricting calories, children and adolescents with obesity and overweight showed significant improvements in a variety of metabolic health measures a new study finds.
43 children and adolescents aged 8-18 years, recruited through the UCSF Weight Assessment for Teen and Child Health (WATCH), consumed a diet of the same percentages of protein, fat, and carbohydrate as their self-reported diet over 9 days, with the exception of sugar. Dietary sugar was reduced from 28% to 10% and fructose from 12% to 4%, of total daily calories.
The results showed diastolic blood pressure decrease by 4.9mmHG, fasting blood sugar by 0.3mmol/L, fasting insulin by 53%, and peak insulin by 56%. There were also decreases seen in many other measures such as triglycerides, liver enzymes, and lactate.
The bottom line: this study showed that sugar restriction can improve metabolic parameters in children and adolescents with obesity and overweight irrespective of weight change.